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基于“风险源+承灾体+减灾体”的城市安全表征“库-网-流-谱-法”理论框架

岳清瑞 陆新征 许镇 田源 顾栋炼 郑哲 徐永嘉 费一凡 孙楚津 施钟淇

岳清瑞, 陆新征, 许镇, 田源, 顾栋炼, 郑哲, 徐永嘉, 费一凡, 孙楚津, 施钟淇. 基于“风险源+承灾体+减灾体”的城市安全表征“库-网-流-谱-法”理论框架[J]. 工程力学, 2022, 39(11): 52-62. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2022.04.0351
引用本文: 岳清瑞, 陆新征, 许镇, 田源, 顾栋炼, 郑哲, 徐永嘉, 费一凡, 孙楚津, 施钟淇. 基于“风险源+承灾体+减灾体”的城市安全表征“库-网-流-谱-法”理论框架[J]. 工程力学, 2022, 39(11): 52-62. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2022.04.0351
YUE Qing-rui, LU Xin-zheng, XU Zhen, TIAN Yuan, GU Dong-lian, ZHENG Zhe, XU Yong-jia, FEI Yi-fan, SUN Chu-jin, SHI Zhong-qi. THE 'DATABASE-NETWORK-FLOW-SPECTRUM-LAW' THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR URBAN SAFETY CHARACTERIZATION BASED ON 'RISK SOURCE' + 'RISK EXPOSURE' + 'MITIGATION FACTOR'[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2022, 39(11): 52-62. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2022.04.0351
Citation: YUE Qing-rui, LU Xin-zheng, XU Zhen, TIAN Yuan, GU Dong-lian, ZHENG Zhe, XU Yong-jia, FEI Yi-fan, SUN Chu-jin, SHI Zhong-qi. THE "DATABASE-NETWORK-FLOW-SPECTRUM-LAW" THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR URBAN SAFETY CHARACTERIZATION BASED ON "RISK SOURCE" + "RISK EXPOSURE" + "MITIGATION FACTOR"[J]. Engineering Mechanics, 2022, 39(11): 52-62. doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2022.04.0351

基于“风险源+承灾体+减灾体”的城市安全表征“库-网-流-谱-法”理论框架

doi: 10.6052/j.issn.1000-4750.2022.04.0351
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(52238011);国家自然科学基金委重大项目(52192660)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    岳清瑞(1962−),男,黑龙江人,中国工程院院士,教授,硕士,主要从事工程结构诊治、高性能结构材料和城市公共安全的理论研究(E-mail: yueqr@vip.163.com)

    许 镇(1986−),男,北京人,教授,博士,主要从事城市综合数字防灾研究(E-mail: xuzhen@ustb.edu.cn)

    田 源(1991−),男,辽宁人,副教授,博士,主要从事城市与复杂工程安全与防灾减灾研究(E-mail: ytian@ustb.edu.cn)

    顾栋炼(1993−),男,江苏人,博士后,主要从事数字孪生与韧性城市研究(E-mail: lvlivegdl_thu@163.com)

    郑 哲(1997−),男,四川人,博士生,主要从事土木工程信息化智能化研究(E-mail: zhengz19@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn)

    徐永嘉(1996−),男,山东人,博士生,主要从事智能化应急震损评估和结构行为分析研究(E-mail: xuyongjia0904@163.com)

    费一凡(1998−),男,江苏人,博士生,主要从事土木工程信息化智能化研究(Email: fyf20@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn)

    孙楚津(1996−),男,天津人,博士生,主要从事土木工程与计算机视觉交叉研究(E-mail: scj18@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn)

    施钟淇(1986−),男,辽宁人,高工,博士,主要从事城市安全、天空地一体化监测研究(E-mail: shizq@szsti.org)

    通讯作者:

    陆新征(1978−),男,安徽人,教授,博士,主要从事土木工程防灾减灾研究(E-mail: luxz@tsinghua.edu.cn)

  • 中图分类号: X913;X915.2;TU984.11+6

THE "DATABASE-NETWORK-FLOW-SPECTRUM-LAW" THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR URBAN SAFETY CHARACTERIZATION BASED ON "RISK SOURCE" + "RISK EXPOSURE" + "MITIGATION FACTOR"

  • 摘要: 我国的城市安全面临自然灾害、事故灾难等多种重大挑战。针对城市安全现阶段的实际需求与重要难题,该研究引入“减灾体”和“减灾力”的概念,以风险源、承灾体和减灾体为三大基本要素,依托数字孪生、机器学习、知识图谱等新技术,建立了基于“风险源+承灾体+减灾体”的城市安全表征“库-网-流-谱-法”理论框架,并对该框架中每个环节涉及的研究内容与关键问题进行了详细阐述。所提出的理论有望更加合理地表征城市的管理能力在城市安全中的作用,助力实现城市安全性态的动态表征以及相关决策的智能学习与优化。
  • 图  1  本文提出的城市安全表征研究思想

    Figure  1.  Basic idea of urban safety characterization proposed in this study

    图  2  “库-网-流-谱-法”城市安全表征理论框架

    Figure  2.  "Database-Network-Flow-Spectrum-Law" theoretical framework of urban safety characterization

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-04-28
  • 录用日期:  2022-06-24
  • 修回日期:  2022-06-04
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-06-24
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-01

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